In Barcelona, Antonio Gaudi conceived architecture as a form of sculpture; the facade of the Casa Battlo in Barcelona — had no straight lines; it was encrusted with colorful mosaics of stone and ceramic tiles  Architects also began to experiment with new materials and techniques, which gave them greater freedom to create new forms. In — in Paris Auguste Perret and Henri Sauvage began to use reinforced concretepreviously only used for industrial structures, to build apartment buildings. The first concrete apartment buildings by Perret and Sauvage were covered with ceramic tiles, but in Perret built the first concrete parking garage on 51 rue de Ponthieu in Paris; here the concrete was left bare, and the space between the concrete was filled with glass windows.
This open access version made available with the support of libraries participating in Knowledge Unlatched. Description Architecture and Modern Literature explores the representation and interpretation of architectural space in modern literature from the early nineteenth century to the present, with the aim of showing how literary production and architectural construction are related as cultural forms in the historical context of modernity.
In addressing this subject, it also examines the larger questions of the relation between literature and architecture and the extent to which these two arts define one another in the social and philosophical contexts of modernity.
Architecture and Modern Literature will serve as a foundational introduction to the emerging interdisciplinary study of architecture and literature.
David Spurr addresses a broad range of material, including literary, critical, and philosophical works in English, French, and German, and proposes a new historical and theoretical overview of this area, in which modern forms of "meaning" in architecture and literature are related to the discourses of being, dwelling, and homelessness.
The culture is impeccable, the combination of literary and architectural knowledge always lucid, its textual readings consistently strong and original.
Its impact will be felt on modernist studies and it should be lasting. Spurr demonstrates an impressive historical and theoretical breadth of knowledge without sacrificing very detailed close readings.The Journal of Architecture | Jointly published with the Royal Institute of British Architects, The Journal of Architecture assembles diverse views which affect the future of architecture and its.
Modernism and Postmodernism have been criticised by some members of the architectural profession who feel that successful architecture is not a personal, philosophical, or aesthetic pursuit by individualists; rather it has to consider everyday needs of people and use technology to create liveable environments, with the design .
Women and modernism ; Modern Women. Falling numbers of male applicants forced the Architectural Association to open its doors to women in , to satisfy the need for new students. and left a lasting impact on housing design across India. Higher Secondary School, Sector 23, Chandigarh: children climbing a concrete sunscreen by .
Modernism is the single most important new style or philosophy of architecture and design of the 20th century, associated with an analytical approach to the function of buildings, a strictly rational use of (often new) materials, an openness to structural innovation and the elimination of ornament.
"Architecture and Modern Literature is a superb book. The culture is impeccable, the combination of literary and architectural knowledge always lucid, its textual readings consistently strong and original. Its impact will be felt .
architectural firms were nationally, and in most cases internationally, famous for their work, and their merit is demonstrated by honors (all have received the A.I.A.
Gold Medal), critical acclaim from the press, and scholarly evaluation.