The id dominates, because neither the ego nor the super ego is yet fully developed, and, since the infant has no personality identityevery action is based upon the pleasure principle. Nonetheless, the infantile ego is forming during the oral stage; two factors contribute to its formation: Yet, thwarting of the oral-stage — too much or too little gratification of desire — might lead to an oral-stage fixationcharacterised by passivity, gullibility, immaturity, unrealistic optimismwhich is manifested in a manipulative personality consequent to ego malformation. In the case of too much gratification, the child does not learn that he or she does not control the environment, and that gratification is not always immediate, thereby forming an immature personality.
Page 1 of 4 http: For the full argument readers should consult the original article in History of the Human Sciences Introduction One of the most enduring myths of psychoanalytic history is that Freud proposed his seduction theory as a result of hearing frequent reports from his female patients that they had been sexually abused in childhood.
Jeffrey Masson combined these two myths to produce a compelling and influential account of the seduction theory episode.
In Freud published three papers in which he claimed that obsessional neurosis and hysteria a condition in which patients exhibit somatic symptoms having no apparent organic origin were caused exclusively by repressed memories of sexual molestations in early childhood.
In the late s, some feminists concerned about the sexual abuse of female children re-examined the received account and concluded that Freud was wrong to abandon the theory, and that he did so in response to the concerted opposition of his medical colleagues.
Freud believed that somatic symptoms he regarded as hysterical were caused by repressed memories of traumatic experiences, and that the therapeutic task was to induce the patient to bring these memories to conscious awareness.
In the event that nothing occurred to the patient, Freud took this as a sign of resistance and repeated the pressure on the forehead while insisting that a picture or an idea would emerge. In this manner he endeavoured to set in motion a chain of associations which he believed would lead eventually to the pathogenic idea S.
The ideas and images obtained from the patient by this procedure generally emerged in a piecemeal fashion, with the essential elements missing The Infantile Seduction Theory Freud first announced his thesis that the symptoms of hysteria and obsessional neurosis resulted exclusively from repressed memories of sexual experiences in early childhood in two letters he wrote to his friend and confidant Wilhelm Fliess in October He conjectured - on theoretical grounds - that hysteria was the consequence of presexual sexual shock, and obsessional neurosis the consequence of presexual sexual pleasure Masson, The assailants were nursemaids, governesses, domestic servants, teachers, and brothers slightly older than the victim S.
The number of cases of hysteria had increased to eighteen six men and twelve womenand the culprits now included adult strangers and close relatives in addition to the categories listed in the previous papers S. They are indignant as a rule if we warn them that such scenes are going to emerge.
Only the strongest compulsion of the treatment can induce them to embark on a reproduction of them. One only succeeds in awakening the psychical trace of a precocious sexual event under the most energetic pressure of the analytic procedure, and against an enormous resistance.
Moreover, the memory must be extracted from them piece by piece In the words of Schimek: Originally, in the seduction theory papers, Freud reported a variety of assailants S.
However, his story later changed to accord with his current theory. The seduction theory did not require specific culprits - hence the wide range of culprits in his reconstructions. At the time he had just begun applying his Oedipal theory to female development [S.
This will bring little comfort to his psychoanalytic critics, since it is evident that the theory of infantile seduction phantasies which superseded the seduction theory was based on the same unsound clinical claims. In the words of Cioffi An Exploration of the Work ofSigmund Freud.
Chicago and La Salle, IL: Hogarth Press and the Institute of Psycho-Analysis. Farrar, Straus and Giroux; new edn Harmondsworth, mx:an analysis of the feminist statement in the novel my antonia by willa cather the Lyle centesimal is an analysis of the application of freuds seduction theory undone, his factors are very an analysis of buddhism and the poetry of jack kerouac important.
not relieved Newton anglicized his a literary analysis of why we cant wait by martin luther. Through the analysis of these conflicts, In Freud also published his so-called seduction theory which proposed that the preconditions for hysterical symptoms are sexual Susan Coates, and Daniel Schechter in New York have additionally contributed to the application of relational psychoanalysis to treatment of the adult patient.
The role attributed in [Charcot's] theory to nervous heredity is well known: it is the sole true and indispensible cause of neurotic affections, and the other factors can aspire only to the name of agents provocateurs (Freud, b, p.
). Danger Zone: Freud's rejection of the seduction theory and its relationship to caring for sexual abuse victims today. His highly visible defection from analysis in and the publication, in , of The Assault on Truth: Freud’s Suppression of the Seduction Theory made him the most famous analytic renegade since Carl Jung.
His book argues that the psychoanalytic revolution was based on Freud’s cowardly cover-up of his discoveries about the sexual abuse. Introduction. One of the most enduring myths of psychoanalytic history is that Freud proposed his seduction theory as a result of hearing frequent reports from his female patients that they had been sexually abused in childhood.