Railroads and Manifest Destiny. However, it recently occurred to me that the railroad truly made America in a deeper and more profound way. What first came to my attention with the effect of a light bulb switched on were the relative dates for two key events: Asa Whitney [first] submitted his plan for a Pacific railroad to Congress through his representatives in January
Throughout much of the twentieth century, Croatia was one of five republics within Yugoslavia, an amalgam of ethnicities and religions tenuously held together by dictatorship and economic feasibility. Croatia, which runs along the Adriatic to Montenegro, has a distinctive elongated geography that is largely the result of demarcations imposed upon it throughout this century.
Occupying 21, square miles, Croatia is bordered by Bosnia-Hercegovina on the south, by Italy on the west, by Slovenia to the north and northwest, by Hungary to the north and northeast, and by Vojvodina, a formerly autonomous Serbian province, to the east. Croatia has a population of 5 million people, consisting of 80 percent Croats, 10 percent Serbians, about one-half percent Hungarians and Slovenians each, and even smaller groups of Czechs and Italians.
Roman Catholicism is the predominant religion, followed by Eastern Orthodox, Islam, and Protestantism. The country's flag has three equal horizontal stripes of red, white, and blue from top to bottomwith a red and white checked coat of arms in the middle topped with a crown.
The capital is Zagreb. The official language is Croatian. Croatia's president, sinceis Franjo Tujman. During the fifth century B. Among the migrating South Slavic people, new religious ethnic identities evolved.
The small independent countries of Slovenia and Croatia did not survive the Middle Ages. During the fourteenth century, the Ottoman Turks began invading the Balkans. A powerful people, the Ottomans had gradually taken the region of Asia Minor now known as Turkey from the Byzantines, who had controlled a great empire there since before the fall of Rome.
By the Ottomans had begun their invasion of the Balkan Peninsula. After the legendary battle of Kosovo inSerbia fell under Turkish rule. With the defeat of the Serbians, the Turks began to make inroads into Croatian territory. The Croatians turned to the Austrians for military support, but with the rise of the Austro-Hungarian Empire, the Croatians found themselves in a slave-like condition.
For generations, the Croatians were used as a military buffer between Europe and the Turks. In Matija Gubec led an inspiring if disastrous rebellion against the Austrian nobles, but Austro-Hungarian control of the Croatians continued until During the nineteenth century, Slavic nationalism grew in proportion to the decline of the Austro-Hungarian Empire.
World War I erupted as a result of conflict between independent Serbia and the Austro-Hungarian Empire, and with the defeat of Austria-Hungary and its German allies, European geography was restructured.
President Woodrow Wilson advocated independence for various nationalities, and South Slavs seized the opportunity for freedom. Eight years later, Alexander changed the country's name to Yugoslavia. Serbians conceived of the country as a Greater Serbia with a centralist government, while Federalist Croatians and Slovenians demanded that each republic have a strong voice in the government.
When Stejpan Radic, the respected head of the Croat Peasant Party, was assassinated in Parliament inthe king dissolved Parliament and made himself dictator. The king was himself assassinated by right-wing Croatian sympathizers in Marseilles, France, in and his cousin, Prince Paul, assumed control of the country.
On March 27,Yugoslavia under fascist dictator Ante Pavic signed a pact allying itself with Germany.
When the Yugoslavian people revolted against this government action with chants of "Better war than pact, better grave than slave," the military assumed control of the country and proclaimed young Peter II king.
In retaliation, Adolf Hitler ordered an attack on Belgrade on April 6, After a bloody battle, the Nazis conquered Yugoslavia and set up a puppet government in Croatia. The fascist Ustashe eliminated thousands of Jews, Serbians, and unsympathetic Croatians. Underground resistance to the Germans included the Partisans, under the command of Croatian communist Marshal Tito, and the Chetniks, who supported the monarchy in exile and, some believe, later collaborated with the Germans.
The Partisans viewed the war as an opportunity to create a communist government in post-war Yugoslavia. Tito's forces wrested large sections of the country from German control, ultimately winning the support of communists and non-communists, including the Allies.
When the war ended, the Socialist Party assumed control of the government and abolished the monarchy.Research; Russia's Influence on American Culture; Russia's Influence on American Culture as well as about what those who work in the arts-both immigrant and native-have to do to earn a living in the United States.
and symphony orchestra musicians are ubiquitous in contemporary American life—as well as much that has been long .
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Search Pages. to. Search. Native-born American dancers eventually had to begin to Russify their names to find bookings in large swaths of the American Midwest and South. Petr Tchaikovsky wrote home excitedly during the s that, in America, he had at last found his audience.
Immigrants and their children are not born with more creative talents than native-born citizens, but their selectivity and marginality may have pushed and pulled those with ability into high-risk career paths that reward creative work. He was drawn to the United States in part by his fascination with American culture faced bureaucratic.
Modern Sicilian History & Society. While historians regard a few centuries of the Middle Ages as the high point of Sicilian history, the last five hundred years are the key to understanding the complexities of the Sicily we see today • The Modern Era (present)» Sicily as a 'Colony'» The Catastrophic 17th Century» The 18th Century - Contested Island.
The disproportionate role of immigrants and their children in creating twentieth-century popular music is well known. Irving Berlin, who was born as Israel Baline in Russia, wrote “White Christmas,” “Easter Parade,” “God Bless America,” and numerous other standards.